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Everything you need to know about exfoliation

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We have talked again about body scrubs and the beneficial effect on removing dead cells and rejuvenating the skin.

There are different scrubs depending on their texture and the intensity of their exfoliating action. We have presented to you the two scrubs that we prepare at Seamuse, the mildest Sugar scrub and the most intensive Salt scrub with bentonite clay and green seaweed. Both are excellent products and we recommend them for body exfoliation, but as you will have read we do not recommend them for facial exfoliation.

Mechanical and chemical exfoliation

The reason is that mechanical exfoliation is not really suitable for sensitive facial skin, due to the micro-abrasion that creates small wounds invisible to the naked eye.

For this reason, reputable dermatologists and skin care experts recommend chemical exfoliation instead of mechanical exfoliation.

First of all, let’s talk about the problems faced with systematic exfoliation:
• Small bumps on the skin, due to unevenness of the skin
• Acne marks
• Discoloration due to sun exposure or acne flare-up that has healed.
• Black spots
• Active acne
• Ageing and small wrinkles

The AHAs and BHAs

Chemical exfoliators are divided into water-soluble (AHA or α-hydroxy acids) and fat-soluble (BHA, or β-hydroxy acids) and have different effects on the skin.

AHAs affect the surface layers of the skin, accelerate the rate of apoptosis and activate the mechanism of collagen and elastin production.

Some AHAs are glycolic acid derived from sugar cane, lactic acid, tartaric acid from grapes and wine, malic acid from apples, citric acid from citrus fruits, etc. Glycolic acid is what dermatologists prefer.

The use of preparations with a content of 5-8% and depending on the reaction of the skin is recommended. They usually create a slight stinging sensation that lasts for a very short time.

You should not exceed the recommended use and the frequency of application, so as not to irritate the skin. The formulations sold commercially with the above concentration work gently without causing visible peeling or peeling of the skin. However, they have significant activity and with systematic use, impressive results in the anti-aging of the skin.

Formulations with a higher content (30%) should be applied by dermatologists in a doctor’s office and create intense irritation and peeling. The results of course are impressive and very immediate. The skin is rejuvenated, it becomes radiant and the signs of acne or sun exposure weaken.
You can choose the AHA that best suits your skin type, oily, dry, normal, sensitive.

BHAs are fat-soluble substances that penetrate into the pores, where they dissolve sebum and prevent the formation of blackheads, pimples and acne inflammations. The best known is salicylic acid and is a component of our well-known aspirin. Preparations with a content of 2% are recommended. Their systematic use prevents the creation of acne and dark spots.

How often do we do chemical exfoliation?

How often should you apply acidic fruit products?
AHAs can be more irritating than BHAs and can cause irritation and redness if you overdose or frequency. It is good to use them 2-3 times a week during your evening treatment. BHAs are much milder and can be used daily without fear.

Fruit acids should not be used in combination with vitamin C and retinoids. It is good to alternate with them during the week.

Protection from sun radiation

Very important: with the use of AHAs you must use sunscreen to protect the new skin that appears. For greater safety, it is recommended to stop during the months with intense sunshine, from May to September.

Learn more from the experts

Find more information here: https://www.healthline.com/health/aha-vs-bha

Watch the following videos here and here

A very nice company for you to find the products: https://www.paulaschoice-eu.com/products?prefn1=searchPlacement&prefv1=Exfoliants

Also:
https://theordinary.deciem.com/ca/theordinary-skincare/theordinary-exfoliators

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